Setting up a company

Setting Up a Company

Establishing a company is more difficult and more time consuming than obtaining a Trade Licence for a Self-employed person. Entrepreneurs make use of lawyers or specialised accounting companies. Here we shall just mention the main points to provide basic orientation.

Types of Companies

In the Czech Republic, there are 4 types of companies:

  • Public company (veřejná obchodní společnost);
  • Limited liability company (společnost s ručením omezeným);
  • Limited partnership company (komanditní společnost);
  • Joint-stock company (akciová společnost).

Each of the above-mentioned types of companies have some advantages and disadvantages (eg. number of business partners, share capital, liabilities etc.). Before finally choosing the type of company, you might like to consult your decision with a consulting agency.

Limited Liability Company

Limited liability company (= společnost ručením omezeným, s.r.o., OR společnost s ručením omezeným, spol. s r.o.) is still the most widespread and popular form of business in the Czech Republic. All rights and obligations are governed by the Civil Code and the Business Corporations Act. The main advantage is that the company partners are not liable for their liabilities with their entire property, but only up to the amount of the outstanding deposits. In practice, this means that if a company goes bankrupt there is a lower risk of execution of personal property. If bankruptcy happens to a self-employed person, the personal property could be seized, which is not the case in the case of s.r.o. However, liability cannot be waived by members of company bodies (executive directors) if it is proved that they breached the law and caused the company to fail due to the way the company was managed.

Who Can Establish a Company?

The right to establish a company in the Czech Republic belongs to all citizens regardless of whether they are from EU or non-EU countries. The right to be a partner/director is not subject to having a permanent/temporary residence or visa. You can also authorize Czech lawyers and tax advisers to do the paperwork with the Governmental Authorities for you.

How to Establish a Company?

From January 15, 2023, you can set up a limited liability company online. You no longer have to go to a notary, you just need to contact a notary via the Internet and verify your identity using a citizen’s identity (for example, via a bank identity, see more here).

Establishment of a company is also possible via the notary office where you will write up the notarial record of the Founding of the Company. Both, online and offline establishment must include:

  • name of the company,
  • company address,
  • designation of shareholders,
  • scope of business,
  • the amount of registered capital and the amount of the contribution of each shareholder including the method and period of repayment of the contribution,
  • the names and places of residence of the first executive director/s of the company (=jednatel/é společnosti) and the way they will act on behalf of the company,
  • the names and residence of the members of the first Supervisory Board (if any),
  • designation of the deposit manager,
  • determining the amount of the reserve fund and the method of its creation.
What to Do Next?

Next steps:

  • Opening a special bank account based on the registered capital (the bank requires the original of the Memorandum of Association to be consulted), and the bank then issues a written statement of the repayment of the deposit.
  • Notifying the Licenced Trade at the Trade Licensing Office or applying for the  License,
  • Within ninety days of its establishment, an application for registration in the Commercial Register must be submitted. The proposal shall include the following attachments:
    • Memorandum of Association in the form of a notarial deed,
    • Declaration by the Deposit Administrator about the repayment of the company’s share capital (the Deposit Administrator is usually the company’s executive).
  • proof of the deposit issued by the bank,
  • certified copies of the Extract from the Trade Register,
  • proof of the legal title of the use of the property,
  • extract from the Land Register,
  • Statutory Declaration of Executives and their sample signatures,
  • stamp (=kolek) of CZK 6,000 value,
  • verified signatures of all the first executives.

Within 30 days from the Entry in the Commercial Register, the newly formed company must register with the Tax Authority (=Finanční úřad). There are three Tax Authorities in Ostrava. From 2014 the minimum amount of registered capital for the Company has been CZK 1.

Buying an Already Existing Company

You can buy a ready-made company which can save you some time. However, you will still need to deal with paperwork when changing the name of the company, the number of the executive directors (=jednatelé) etc. You can check the offer of the companies mentioned below:

Need More Information?
Registered Associations

Registered association (=zapsaný spolek, z.s.) is one of the most wide-spread non-profit organization forms in the Czech Republic. The founders must have a common interest and must voluntarily want to fulfill the purpose of the registered association. The main goal or task of a registered association is to satisfy and protect the interests to whose fulfillment was the association established. The association may have subsidiary economic activities, but the profits from such activities must be used only for the operation of the association.

Why to establish a registered association?

It connects people with the same areas of interest and goals. Operating costs incurred by running the association are tax deductible. The easy way to gain grants and gifts for running the registered association. Such gifts to non-profit organizations can be deducted from taxes.

How to establish a registered association?

It can be established by at least three natural persons who must agree on the purpose and goal of the association, and will agree on the content of the statutes and write them down. The statutes can be written by the founders themselves or with the help of a public notary or a lawyer. The name of the association must include the words “association” (spolek), “registered association” (zapsaný spolek), or the abbreviation r.a. (z.s.).

The statutes must include at least these points:

  • the name and address of the registered association
  • the purpose of the registered association
  • rights and obligations of the members of the registered association 
  • appointment of the statutory authority

The rest, which is not included in the statutes, will comply with the Civil Code.

The registered association is formed on the day of registration into the association registry. The proposal for registration is raised by the founders or by an appointed person. The proposal for registration must include an officially verified signature.

If the association is not registered, or there is no official refusal to the request within 30 days, the registered association is considered to be registered by the 30th day from the day of the request.


Members of the registered association can be both natural and legal entities. Member meetings must be held at least once a year.


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